Operating systems, business software, advertising and education, touchscreens, personal computers, video games, consoles, and search engines – these are just some of the products Microsoft has introduced that have transformed human society. It is one of the major tech companies that started the digital revolution in the past 40 years.
Founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, the company was born out of a simple “challenge” when the two young programmers applied the BASIC compiler for Altair 8800; the company now ranked third after Amazon and Apple’s wealthiest company in the world.
Bill Gates, one of the founders of the giant Microsoft Corporation, was born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington, the son of attorney William H. Gates. As a brilliant student, at the age of 13, Bell attended Lakeside Private School. When he reached the eighth grade, he became interested in a programming language (symbolic code), which was unorganized, and was invented in 1964. He was exempted from math lessons to pursue his passion. He wrote his first show – Tic Tac Toe.
Paul Allen, born on January 21, 1953, in Seattle, Washington, has also attended Lakeside Private School, where he becomes friends with Bill Gates, who shares a passion for computers. They used the remote printer station to improve their programming skills on several weather computers.
Gates and Allen attended Washington State University, where they joined the Phi Kappa Theta Brotherhood. Allen Gates ended up researching computer programming at the University of Washington Computer Science Lab. They worked on the PDP-10 system, and in the summer of 1971, Gates and Allen, along with two other colleagues, Rick Weiland, and Kent Evans, tried to look for “loopholes” in the operating system to get free hours in and then paid for access to the university’s computers that belonged to them. Computer Center Corporation.
Found by management and excluded due to misuse of privileges. Bill Gates, 17 years old with Paul Allen based on the Intel 8008 processor, made traffic counters. After two years, Paul Allen left school to work as a programmer at Honeywell in Boston near Harvard University, where Bill Gates enrolled. Using and integrating their programming skills, the two established a business idea – “Traf-O-Data 8008”, a rudimentary computer that tracks and analyzes vehicle traffic data.
In 1974, Allen, motivated by ambition, persuaded Gates to drop out of school to start a business that would change humanity. The two saw the possibility of developing and implementing the BASIC programming language on this system. Although they didn’t own an Altair microcomputer or language development, Gates reached out to the makers of Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), asking them to demonstrate the BASIC language application. The producers agreed, to their interest, and Gates and Allen worked on a simulator for eight weeks with Monte Davidoff’s help.
Together they founded Micro-Soft, called initially “Micro-Soft,” which was registered on November 26, 1976, by the New Mexico State Secretariat.
The Altair BASIC model has become so popular and sold well that it’s even pirated in the big black market. Bill Gates has written a message to all computer fans that he cannot produce high-quality software and distribute it for free. Insisting that the software developers were demanding money for the copyrighted software but failing to convince, Micro-Soft chose to continue on its own, splitting from MITS at the end of 1976. The company’s revenues to the future in 1976 were $ 16,005. In 1978, Micro-Soft opened its first international headquarters in Japan, under the name “ASCII Micro-Soft” (Microsoft Japan Today).
On November 29, 1979, the company’s name was changed to Microsoft (name today), and its headquarters moved to Bellevue, Washington. In 1980 Microsoft created the first business operating system, Xenix, as a Unix-based version and partnered with IBM to provide a CP / M OS version for IBM computers. The company was restructured in 1981 to become an incorporated company, Bill Gates became president and director of the board of directors, and Paul Allen became executive vice president. In 1983, Allen left the company after being diagnosed with Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Although he remained Microsoft’s vice president, he continued to work in other areas such as artificial intelligence, setting up new companies such as Vulcan. Paul Allen died of cancer on October 15, 2018.
Microsoft began producing Microsoft BASIC-based programming languages on various personal computers such as the Apple II. On August 12, 1981, Microsoft launched MS-DOS, the operating system that later ensured its supremacy.
The first major successful operating system launched on August 24, 1995 – Windows 95, which included a new interface with the famous Start button and a web portal and Microsoft Network functionality. Also included are multiple applications: Microsoft Backup (in unexpected situations, files were copied and stored if the original files were destroyed), Internet Explorer web browser, Microsoft Paint for drawing, Windows Defrag (a process to reduce fragmentation), and Windows Scandisk (which checks for file system errors On disc and fix it), Windows Voice Recorder (to record audio), and popular Windows Minesweeper and Solitaire video games. In the same year as well.
On August 16, 1995, Microsoft and Thomas Reardon developed and launched the Internet Explorer web browser. In 1996, Microsoft launched Expedia, an online travel company, as the Internet’s first owner. In 1997, after a long struggle, Microsoft and Apple entered into a partnership, where Microsoft launched the Office package for the Macintosh operating system, provided the Internet Explorer functionality, and was offered it. One hundred fifty million as an investment.
In 1998, Windows 98 was launched, and Microsoft’s India headquarters opened. The company has been accused by the US Department of Justice of unfair competition and forcing PC manufacturers to produce Windows screens and link Internet Explorer to Windows, with an agreement reached in 2002.
On October 25, 2001, Microsoft released one of the most popular operating systems in history, Windows XP, and on November 15, 2001, it launched the first Xbox console. In 2002, it launched the NET Initiative, which created a new API (a set of child program definitions, protocols, and tools for program and application programming.) That included a new programming language.
In 2003, Microsoft made its first appearance in the mobile market, launching the Windows Mobile phone operating system.
From 1995 to 2017, Bill Gates was named Forbes as the richest man on the planet (his fortune is estimated at $ 112 billion today); he retired from running the company in 2000 and turned to philanthropy and helping poor countries. He continued to work as a technical advisor and a member of the board of directors of Microsoft and Berkshire Hathaway, the industry group owned by billionaire Warren Buffett. But at the same time, he focused on creating the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to end poverty, boost education, and stop the disease.
The new CEO of Microsoft became Steve Ballmer and was followed by Satya Nadella in 2014.
In 2009, the company launched the Windows 7 operating system and the Bing search engine to replace MSN. In 2013, the Xbox One console was launched, Microsoft’s most successful console, with 47 million copies sold.
In 2015, Microsoft released the current operating system, Windows 10, with Cortana as the default voice assistant, being the first OS to be released for free.
Microsoft has annual revenues of $ 125 billion, assets of $ 287 billion, and employs 150,000 people worldwide.